Muslims beliefs about Prophets who were sent before Muhammad (PBUH)
Belief in all the prophets and messengers from Adam to the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ is one of the articles of faith in Islam, and for this reason, the ‘Iman-i-Mufassal’(ایمان مفصل) says:
I believe in God, in His angels, in His books, in His messengers, in the Last Day (the day of judgement), and in the fact that everything, good or bad, is decided by Allah, the Almighty, and in life after death.
According to Islamic education, all the prophets and messengers were humans created and sent by God, led a normal human life, and were mortal. They were, however, distinct from the superior to ordinary humans in the way that they were chosen from God, had a specially ordained divine mission, and enjoyed special protection from God. Such distinguishing features of the prophets have been repeatedly mentioned in the Quran. The following Quranic verse is an example:
These (prophets or messengers) were then men to whom We gave The Book, and Authority and Prophethood… (6:89)
The verse indicates that the prophets and messengers were special people who received divine messages, and were gifted with authority and prophethood. Similarly, another verse describes the prophets as:
Before you (Muhammad ﷺ) also, the messengers We sent were but men, to whom We granted inspiration. If you realize this not, ask for those who possess the Message. Nor did We give them bodies that ate no food, nor were they exempt from death. (21:7–8)
This verse beautifully sums up the similarities and dissimilarities between ordinary men and the messengers of Allah Almighty.